Browser Zoom Factor

In the summer of 2015 I noticed our Flash application looked slightly different in the Chrome browser. Since it was very subtle and I usually develop using IE 11, it didn’t really pique my interest. Around the same time I had also heard some complaints about blurry images on some newer laptops.

Fast forward to February 2016…

While researching a bug related to a Flash Player change, see my post Flash Problems I uncovered a new feature that was slowly added to Flash Player over a few different versions called, Browser Zoom Factor. The feature will scale a Flash application using the browser’s scale setting. It was first introduced in Flash Player 18, but at that time it was always on for supported browsers and there was no way to shut it off. In the fall of 2015 in Flash Player 19 developers were given a parameter for disabling the zoom factor.

It turns out the weirdness I was seeing in Google Chrome was caused by the browser zoom factor. By default my installation was always zooming to 85%, which in turn zoomed the application to 85% making the logo a little less clear and making the view a little bit smaller than in IE 11. Of course my instinct was to turn this off, because I didn’t want somebody to unexpectedly see the application with blurry images, so I added the special parameter to shut browser zoom factor off.

Fast forward three weeks…

Our IT department started rolling out Microsoft SurfaceBook to a few employees for a trial and within a couple days I received a complaint that our application was “unusable” on a high resolution display. I ran over to see the situation, because I had never seen our application on a high resolution display. He was right the application was so small on the SurfaceBook and was extremely hard to use. At that point I realized I had forgotten about using the browser zoom factor in the other direction.

In the end I turned the browser zoom factor feature back on for our application so user can zoom in or out as needed. I know at some point a defect will be filed about the images looking terrible, but at least push it back and have the user not zoom in so much.

Flash Player Trusted Files

Trust Me Flash Player

I was attempting to build the new Apache Flex JavaScript project and ran into a problem when attempting to run the unit tests. The tests run on a standalone version of Flash Player and were definitely attempting to run, but I was receiving a Security Error #2017 “Only trusted local files may cause the Flash Player to exit.” I could dismiss the error, but there were lots of tests and each test would pop up the same pop up. I vaguely knew that Flash Player has security limitations when it comes to running swf applications on the local file system, but since I usually run Flex unit tests via the FlexMojos maven plugin I had never seen this before.

Tough Search

I search and searched the internet and eventually found the answer to the problem buried in an Adobe help page . Hopefully my page will be a little easier to find.

The Solution

Just in case the Adobe page disappears I will also post the fix here. Flash Player allows you to configure a set of trusted directories for swf files, once you define them they will open without the Security Error.
  1. First you have to find the Flash Player #Security directory for your OS
    1. Windows Documents and Settings\username\Application Data\MacroMedia\Flash Player#Security
    2. Mac OS X /Users/username/Library/Preferences/Macromedia/Flash Player/#Security/
  2. Create a folder called FlashPlayerTrust inside the #Security folder.
  3. Create a new file in the FlashPlayerTrust directory using a text editor, and save it as myTrustFiles.cfg.
  4. You can use any unique name for your configuration file.
  5. Locate the directory where you test Flash applications.
  6. Type or paste each directory path (any directory path on your hard disk) on a new line in the file. You can paste multiple directory paths on separate lines. When you finish, your file looks similar to the following example: /Users/myuser/Development/source/swfs
  7. Save your changes to myTrustFiles.cfg

Downgrade Flash Player in Google Chrome

Time to Downgrade

In a post earlier this week, Flash Problems, I talked about an issue I ran into with a recent Flash Player update that caused problems in the application I work on. After tracking down the problematic code I was able to fix it to get around the problem so going forward things should be fine. However, since it is an enterprise application that is installed and maintained by the user I can’t just push a patch out to a web server and move on to the next fire. The bug will only affect users with the latest version of Flash Player,, in the past that may not be a big deal because most users wouldn’t install every update that was released, but since Flash has had so many security vulnerabilities it is more likely people will have the latest version.

Google Chrome and Flash Player

In the case of Google Chrome though the user being up to date is almost a certainty, because not only does it ship with its own Flash Player, but there is no way via settings to disable Flash Player updates or switch to a different Flash Player version. Don’t get me wrong I think this is great, users should have the most up to date version with all the latest security vulnerabilities patched. If Flash Player didn’t have so many problems it probably wouldn’t have found itself so tightly constrained. Over the last couple years Chrome has slowly removed support for NPAPI plugins in favor of PPAPI, because the latter sandboxes the plugin and makes it more secure. It had been possible to install an NPAPI Flash Player from Adobe onto a system and then disable the built in Chrome Flash Player for purposes of testing or downgrading, you could even enable and disable the different versions of Flash Player from the plugins settings page. However, with the removal of NPAPI support this is no longer an option, which I found out yesterday. The Adobe instructions for installing an alternate version of Flash Player are outdated and still reference the old way. One thing that has changed over the last year is that Adobe now ships a PPAPI version of Flash Player for Chromium browsers, this was the key to solving my problem. I knew that the developers of Chrome may not want other developers to install an NPAPI Flash Player, but they would definitely allow the installation of an older version of a PPAPI Flash Player. They know we gotta debug issues in old versions of Flash Player somehow. Here are those instructions

Downgrade Steps

Download Installer

First you will need to download the installer for the old version of Flash Player you want to use.
  1. All previous version of Flash Player can be found at Flash Player Old Versions Download site
  2. You can find the zip files for the versions in the Flash Player Archives section
  3. Download the version you want to your desktop

Uninstall Flash Player

In order to downgrade Flash Player you must first uninstall any newer versions.
  1. Close any web browsers open on your system
  2. Extract the contents of the zip file.
  3. In the extracted folder, navigate to the folder that doesn’t have “debug” in the name it will contain all the installers and the uninstaller.
  4. Double-click the uninstaller that ends with win.exe. You will be prompte to uninstall the current version of Flash Player for all browsers.
  5. Click Start in the pop up
  6. When it is complete click Done to dismiss the pop up

Install Flash Player for Google Chrome

After Flash Player has been uninstalled, you will need to install the Pepper (PPAPI) Flash Player.
  1. Navigate to the folder where you ran the uninstaller
  2. Run the Pepper installer which is the one that ends with WinPep.exe to install Flash Player for Google Chrome. Flash Player will be installed at the operating system level and will be separate from the version installed with Google Chrome.
  3. Accept the license agreement
  4. Click Install to start the installation
  5. After the installation is done select the Never Check for Updates options and click Done to close the installer

Disable the Chrome Flash Player

Now that you have installed the PPAPI Flash Player into Windows you have to disable the Flash Player that is included in Google Chrome. This is done via a command line argument when launching Google Chrome
  1. Right click on the icon used to launch Google Chrome
  2. Select the Properties option to view the properties for the Shortcut
  3. Go to the Shortcut tab in the properties view
  4. In the Target field add –disable-bundled-ppapi-flash after the closing double quote that wraps the path to chrome.exe. The new value for the target field should be something like this “C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe” -disable-bundled-ppapi-flash
  5. Click OK to save the changes

Verify Installed version

Repeat the initial instructions to verify that the version of Flash Player is now correct in your browser
  1. Open up Google Chrome using the shortcut
  2. Go to chrome://plugins
  3. Expand the Details link at the top right corner to see the details of all the plugins
  4. Look at the Flash Player version it should now have a location that points to the Windows Flash Player rather than a Flash Player inside the Google Chrome installation directory.